How do you know if an element is present in robot framework?

How do you know if an element is present in robot framework?

By locating the element using xpath, I assume that you’re using Sselenium2Library . In that lib there is a keyword named: Page Should Contain Element which requires an argument, which is a selector , for example the xpath that defines your element. The keyword failes, if the page does not contain the specified element.

How do you compare values in Robot Framework?

Instead of Should be equal, you can use Should be equal as strings which converts the values to strings before doing the comparison. Your code seems to be attempting to manually convert the values to strings which is also a reasonable solution.

How do I verify an image in Robot Framework?

4 Answers

  1. You can use the Page should contain image attribute to verify the element is in the DOM.
  2. You can use the Get Element Attribute keyword to get the value of the src attribute, and then use the Get keyword of the requests library to verify that the url returns a 200 status code.

How do you click elements in robot framework?

How do I use Click Element function with robot framework when the element does not have id or name?

  1. Click Element css=a. loginLink.
  2. Click Element link=LOGIN.

How do I switch between windows in Robot Framework?

You can switch to multiple windows by title, URL or Window Handle ID. For this purpose use “Select Window” keyword from Robot Framework.

Is robot framework better than selenium?

There is a huge difference between both of them – Robot is a test framework that makes use of test libraries (standard & external) to execute tests, whereas Selenium is only a WebDriver/library that requires the support of test automation runners in order to perform test execution.

Why is robot framework not good?

Originally Answered: What are the reasons for robot framework not widely being used? Robot framework = keyword driven framework = old way of automated test design. Many people have already answered this question. The short answer is as your test suite grows, the harder it will be to manage your robot framework.

Which IDE is best for robot framework?

As others suggested IDE are,

  • Eclipse+RED plugin. Pros: a) It is very easy to navigate all files in the project inside the workspace.
  • RIDE – It is fine to run the scripts single OR multiple. It is lit difficult to write the RPA code.
  • Pycharm+RF plugin.
  • Visual Studio Code with RFI FORK/RFLS.

How do I read a text file in Robot Framework?

To Read Values From Text File In Robot Framework you can use the keyword “Get File” in Operating System Library to read values from a text file. Let’s say, you have a text file “doc. txt” in your robot project folder .

How do I put the file path in Robot Framework?

Use Append To File if you want to append to an existing file. This is a temporary keyword added in Robot Framework 2.1 and will be deprecated in 2.2 when Create File gets encoding argument. The path can be given as an exact path or as a pattern similarly as with File Should Exist keyword.

How do I get files in Robot Framework?

Cell in table ‘css=#tbl-letter’ in row #2 and column #2 should have contained text ‘getFile Resources\Client\DateLetter. txt’.

How do I get environment variables in robot framework?

Get Environment Variable (name, default=None) Returns the value of an environment variable with the given name. If no such environment variable is set, returns the default value, if given. Otherwise fails the test case. Returned variables are automatically decoded to Unicode using the system encoding.

How do you write if else condition in robot framework?

IF , ELSE IF , ELSE , Run Keyword Unless , Run Keyword If The RPA. Tasks library offers another way for building conditional if-else logic. Check it out! See the Conditional execution chapter in the Robot Framework User Guide for more information on using if-else logic in Robot Framework.

How do you create a variable in Robot Framework?

Right-click on Project and click on New Dictionary Variable. The Name by default in the screen is &{} and it has Value and Columns option. We will enter the Name and the Values to be used in the test case. We will change the test case to take the dictionary values.

How do you parameterize in Robot Framework?

Parameterizing Your Robot Framework Tests

  1. An improved test runner.
  2. A way to include new Resource Files in your tests.
  3. Some custom keywords that you can use in multiple test cases.
  4. A place to store grouped variables used in your tests.
  5. A test case that demonstrates various ways to parameterize the test cases.

How do I import a Yaml file into robot framework?

Variable file as YAML Using YAML files with Robot Framework requires PyYAML module to be installed. If you have pip_ installed, you can install it simply by running pip install pyyaml. YAML variable files must have either :file:`. yaml` or :file:`.

How do I use robot framework templates?

  1. Create a keyword with the common step, either in the Tests file or the keyword file.
  2. It has [Arguments] to catch test data.
  3. Add [Test Template] to the test case.
  4. Associates the keyword having common steps.
  5. Add data rows to the test case.
  6. These will be passed into keyword[Arguments]

How do you pass arguments in Robot Framework?

Variable number of arguments It is also possible for a keyword to accept any number of arguments. These arguments, called varargs, can be combined with mandatory arguments and arguments with default values, but they are always given after them. In the keyword documentation, they are marked with an asterisk.

Is robot framework better than cucumber?

Cucumber is a tool that supports Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD) – a software development process that aims to enhance software quality and reduce maintenance costs. On the other hand, Robot Framework is detailed as “A test automation framework for acceptance testing and ATDD”.

How do I run two keywords in Robot Framework?

2 Answers. You can do a couple of things. The first is to create a new keyword that calls all the other keywords, and then call that from Run keyword if . This might be the most readable solution, but at the expense of having to write and document another keyword.

How do you start a robot framework?

  1. Step 1: Install Python. Visit the following website to download Python software.
  2. Step 2: Configure Environment Variables. After installing Python and pip, you should configure environment variables by adding the path.
  3. Step 3: Install Robot Framework.
  4. Step 4: Install wxPython.
  5. Step 5: Install RIDE.

How do you fail a test case in robot framework?

1 Answer. for i in range(timeout): if wait_for_failed_proccess is True: raise Exception(“Process timed out”) … With the above, you don’t have to do anything in your test — if this keyword raises an exception, the test will automatically fail.

How do you write keywords in Robot Framework?

Enter the argument to be used with the keyword. Go back to your test case. Now, you need to pass the value which is the URL to be used for the test case. In the test case, when you type the user-defined keyword and press Ctrl + Spacebar, it gives the details of the keyword along with the arguments.

What are the keywords in Robot Framework?

Keywords are the foundation upon which all robot tests are built.

What is Robot Framework template?

Test cases have to be defined with a Test Template at the test suite level (the template is used for all test cases whereas the Template tag we used before is only applicable for one specific test case); The keyword which is used as Test Template must be defined within the same *.

How do I return a value in Robot Framework?

The Robot Framework user’s guide describes how to return a value from a keyword….Robot also provides several keywords to explicitly return a value from anywhere in a keyword:

  1. Return from keyword.
  2. Return from keyword if.
  3. Run keyword and return.
  4. Run keyword and return if.
  5. Run keyword and return status.

How do you make an empty variable in Robot Framework?

You can use either a single backslash \ or special variable ${EMPTY} to create an empty string in the test data. User guide has the details: Robot Framework User Guide.

How do you check if a list is empty in Robot Framework?

  1. ${len} Get Length ${columnlist} —- will return zero if list is empty, you can then use ${len} in your conditional.
  2. ‘@{columnlist}’ == ‘@{EMPTY}’ —- should return true if list is empty, although so far I have only used it with RUN KEYWORD IF.

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