Table of Contents

## How do I split a string into two parts in R?

Whenever you work with text, you need to be able to concatenate words (string them together) and split them apart. In R, you use the paste() function to concatenate and the strsplit() function to split.

### How do you separate data in R?

To use separate() pass separate the name of a data frame to reshape and the name of a column to separate. Also give separate() an into argument, which should be a vector of character strings to use as new column names. separate() will return a copy of the data frame with the column removed.

#### How do I split a column in R?

To divide each column by a particular column, we can use division sign (/). For example, if we have a data frame called df that contains three columns say x, y, and z then we can divide all the columns by column z using the command df/df[,3].

**What does the split function do in R?**

split() function in R Language is used to divide a data vector into groups as defined by the factor provided.

**How do I split a string into vector in R?**

Split the Strings in a Vector

- Description. Split the strings in x into substrings according to the presence of substring split within them.
- Usage. strsplit(x, split)
- Arguments. x.
- Value. A list of length length(x) the i -th element of which contains the vector of splits of x[i] .
- See Also.
- Examples.

## How do you split data in R based on conditions?

How to split a data frame in R with conditional row values?

- > C1<-subset(df1,Country %in% c(“India”,”China”)) > C1.
- > C2<-subset(df1,Country %in% c(“Russia”)) > C2.
- > C3<-subset(df1,Country %in% c(“Sudan”)) > C3.
- > S1<-subset(df2,Season %in% c(“Winter”)) > S1.
- > S2<-subset(df2,Season %in% c(“Summer”)) > S2.

### How do I split a test and train data in R?

We can now divide the dataset into training and test datasets using the ‘caTools’ package. The first line of code below loads the ‘caTools’ library, while the second line sets the random seed for reproducibility of the results. The third line uses the sample. split function to divide the data in the ratio of 70 to 30.

#### What is sample split in R?

sample.split: Split Data into Test and Train Set Split data from vector Y into two sets in predefined ratio while preserving relative ratios of different labels in Y.

**Why do we split data into training and testing set in R?**

The reason is that when the dataset is split into train and test sets, there will not be enough data in the training dataset for the model to learn an effective mapping of inputs to outputs.

**How can you use two different datasets as a train and test set?**

A possible option — shuffling the data Something you can do is to combine the two datasets and randomly shuffle them. Then, split the resulting dataset into train/dev/test sets.

## What is training data and test data in R?

Typically, when you separate a data set into a training set and testing set, most of the data is used for training, and a smaller portion of the data is used for testing. After a model has been processed by using the training set, you test the model by making predictions against the test set.

### Which R package is used to manage the splitting of data into training and testing sets?

The createDataPartition function from caret package generates a stratified random split of the data.

#### How do you train and test data?

Train/Test is a method to measure the accuracy of your model. It is called Train/Test because you split the the data set into two sets: a training set and a testing set. 80% for training, and 20% for testing. You train the model using the training set.

**What is SVM in deep learning?**

“Support Vector Machine” (SVM) is a supervised machine learning algorithm which can be used for both classification or regression challenges. However, it is mostly used in classification problems. Support Vectors are simply the co-ordinates of individual observation.

**Is random forest better than SVM?**

random forests are more likely to achieve a better performance than SVMs. Besides, the way algorithms are implemented (and for theoretical reasons) random forests are usually much faster than (non linear) SVMs.

## Is XGBoost better than SVM?

Compared with the SVM model, the XGBoost model generally showed better performance for training phase, and slightly weaker but comparable performance for testing phase in terms of accuracy. However, the XGBoost model was more stable with average increase of 6.3% in RMSE, compared to 10.5% for the SVM algorithm.

### Which is better KNN or SVM?

SVM take cares of outliers better than KNN. If training data is much larger than no. of features(m>>n), KNN is better than SVM. SVM outperforms KNN when there are large features and lesser training data.

#### When should you use SVM?

SVM is a supervised machine learning algorithm which can be used for classification or regression problems. It uses a technique called the kernel trick to transform your data and then based on these transformations it finds an optimal boundary between the possible outputs.

**Why KNN algorithm is best?**

Advantages of KNN Algorithm: It is simple to implement. It is robust to the noisy training data. It can be more effective if the training data is large.

**What is KNN and SVM?**

kNN and SVM represent different approaches to learning. SVM assumes there exist a hyper-plane seperating the data points (quite a restrictive assumption), while kNN attempts to approximate the underlying distribution of the data in a non-parametric fashion (crude approximation of parsen-window estimator).

## Is Knn a SVM?

SVM and kNN exemplify several important trade-offs in machine learning (ML). SVM is less computationally demanding than kNN and is easier to interpret but can identify only a limited set of patterns. On the other hand, kNN can find very complex patterns but its output is more challenging to interpret.

### What is difference between Knn and Kmeans?

KNN represents a supervised classification algorithm that will give new data points accordingly to the k number or the closest data points, while k-means clustering is an unsupervised clustering algorithm that gathers and groups data into k number of clusters.

#### How does KNN classification work?

KNN works by finding the distances between a query and all the examples in the data, selecting the specified number examples (K) closest to the query, then votes for the most frequent label (in the case of classification) or averages the labels (in the case of regression).

**How do you choose the value of k in KNN algorithm?**

In KNN, finding the value of k is not easy. A small value of k means that noise will have a higher influence on the result and a large value make it computationally expensive. Data scientists usually choose as an odd number if the number of classes is 2 and another simple approach to select k is set k=sqrt(n).

**What is the K value in Knn?**

K value indicates the count of the nearest neighbors. We have to compute distances between test points and trained labels points. Updating distance metrics with every iteration is computationally expensive, and that’s why KNN is a lazy learning algorithm.

## Can Knn be used for classification?

KNN is one of the simplest forms of machine learning algorithms mostly used for classification. It classifies the data point on how its neighbor is classified.

### When should you not use Knn?

With KNN, you can’t do classification if you have missing data. The reason is that distance is undefined if one or more of attributes (which are essentially dimensions) are missing, unless you are willing to omit these attributes when computing distance.

#### How is Knn calculated?

Here is step by step on how to compute K-nearest neighbors KNN algorithm:

- Determine parameter K = number of nearest neighbors.
- Calculate the distance between the query-instance and all the training samples.
- Sort the distance and determine nearest neighbors based on the K-th minimum distance.

**How does Knn calculate accuracy?**

1c. KNN (K=1)

- KNN model. Pick a value for K.
- This would always have 100% accuracy, because we are testing on the exact same data, it would always make correct predictions.
- KNN would search for one nearest observation and find that exact same observation. KNN has memorized the training set.